New Fundamental Technologies in Data Mining


New Fundamental Technologies in Data Mining
Authors: Funatsu K.
Language: English
ISBN 13: 9789533075471
ISBN 10: 9533075473
Categories: Computers, Cybernetics
Pages: 320 / 319

Availability: 5000 in stock

SKU: 9789533075471 Categories: ,

New Fundamental Technologies in Data Mining Funatsu K., Hasegawa F. (eds.)
Издательство InTech, 2011, -596 pp.Data mining, a branch of computer science and artificial intelligence, is the process of extracting patterns from data. Data mining is seen as an increasingly important tool to transform a huge amount of data into a knowledge form giving an informational advantage. Reflecting this conceptualization, people consider data mining to be just one step in a larger process known as knowledge discovery in databases (KDD). Data mining is currently used in a wide range of practices from business to scientific discovery. The progress of data mining technology and large public popularity establish a need for a comprehensive text on the subject. The series of books entitled by ‘Data Mining’ address the need by presenting in-depth description of novel mining algorithms and many useful applications.
The first book (New Fundamental Technologies in Data Mining) is organized into two parts. The first part presents database management systems (DBMS). Before data mining algorithms can be used, a target data set must be assembled. As data mining can only uncover patterns already present in the data, the target dataset must be large enough to contain these patterns. For this purpose, some unique DBMS have been developed over past decades. They consist of software that operates databases, providing storage, access, security, backup and other facilities. DBMS can be categorized according to the database model that they support, such as relational or XML, the types of computer they support, such as a server cluster or a mobile phone, the query languages that access the database, such as SQL or XQuery, performance trade-off s, such as maximum scale or maximum speed or others.
The second part is based on explaining new data analysis techniques. Data mining involves the use of sophisticated data analysis techniques to discover relationships in large data sets. In general, they commonly involve four classes of tasks: (1) Clustering is the task of discovering groups and structures in the data that are in some way or another similar without using known structures in the data. Data visualization tools are followed after making clustering operations. (2) Classification is the task of generalizing known structure to apply to new data. (3) Regression attempts to find a function which models the data with the least error. (4) Association rule searches for relationships between variables.
The second book (Knowledge-Oriented Applications in Data Mining) is based on introducing several scientific applications using data mining. Data mining is used for a variety of purposes in both private and public sectors. Industries such as banking, insurance, medicine, and retailing use data mining to reduce costs, enhance research, and increase sales. For example, pharmaceutical companies use data mining of chemical compounds and genetic material to help guide research on new treatments for diseases. In the public sector, data mining applications were initially used as a means to detect fraud and waste, but they have grown also to be used for purposes such as measuring and improving program performance. It has been reported that data mining has helped the federal government recover millions of dollars in fraudulent Medicare payments.
In data mining, there are implementation and oversight issues that can influence the success of an application. One issue is data quality, which refers to the accuracy and completeness of the data. The second issue is the interoperability of the data mining techniques and databases being used by different people. The third issue is mission creep, or the use of data for purposes other than for which the data were originally collected. The fourth issue is privacy. Questions that may be considered include the degree to which government agencies should use and mix commercial data with government data, whether data sources are being used for purposes other than those for which they were originally designed.
In addition to understanding each part deeply, the two books present useful hints and strategies to solving problems in the following chapters. The contributing authors have highlighted many future research directions that will foster multi-disciplinary collaborations and hence will lead to significant development in the field of data mining. Categories:
Computers – Cybernetics
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13:
263 MB


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New Fundamental Technologies in Data Mining

Availability: 5000 in stock